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by Dr Stephen Pereira,
Dr Deepak Garg and Dr David Branford
Last updated: December 2012
Rapid tranquillisation (RT) is defined as ‘the
use of psychotropic medication to control agitation, threatening or
destructive psychotic behaviour’ (Ellison et al, 1989).
Epidemiological studies show that people with
mental disorders are more likely to be violent than community
controls and substance misuse greatly increases the risk of
violence in people with mental disorders as well as community
controls (Davison, 2005).
Disturbed or violent behaviour by an
individual in an adult in-patient psychiatric setting poses a
serious risk to that individual, other patients and staff.
Immediate management of such patients is
necessary to ensure the safety of other patients and staff and to
reduce the patient’s level of distress due to acute agitation.
The interventions used should be the minimum
required to calm the patient.
Start the module
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